### KnowledgeScape

Grinding Mill Charge Detection Sensors. The throughput and efficiency of a SAG mill depends on the volumetric load: An overloaded mill has reduced coarse ore breakage, as the cascading balls and rock cannot drop far enough, reducing kinetic energy for breakage. An underloaded mill will break coarse ore well, but at the expense of added grinding

view more### Calculate and Select Ball Mill Ball Size for

In Grinding, selecting (calculate) the correct or optimum ball size that allows for the best and optimum/ideal or target grind size to be achieved by your ball mill is an important thing for a Mineral Processing Engineer AKA Metallurgist to do. Often, the ball used in ball mills is oversize "just in case". Well, this safety factor can cost you much in recovery and/or mill liner wear and

view more### SAG/Ball Mill Optimization | KnowledgeScape

GrindingExpert™ automatically adjust feed rate, mill speed and water addition to reduce upsets, eliminate grind-outs and increase tonnage in SAG / ball mills. We constantly maintain desired operating conditions by monitoring bearing pressure, power, recycle pebbles, mill density and mill acoustics. On average, expect a 3-6% increase in SAG mill throughput over an operator/DCS system.

view more### A Method of C alculating Autogenous/ Semi-Autogenous

SAG mills mimic the same shortcoming. It follows that in order to obtain the speciﬁ c energy (SE) to achieve a certain transfer size, based on the 80 per cent passing value, an inefﬁ ciency factor must be applied to the SE of single stage ball mills, rod mills or AG/SAG mills when calculating power according to the Bond Third Theory method. Rod mill and AG/SAG mill products are similar and

view more### SAG/AG SCU - Millwatch

CHARGE LEVEL. Maintaining an optimum charge in a SAG mill remains one of the fundamentals for efficient mill processing. If the charge level or the ball to charge ratio is incorrect, breaking liners and/or increasing power consumption is inevitable and can only result in degraded mill efficiency.

view more### ACT Grinding Optimization System - Outotec

Higher mill availability; Fewer unexpected shutdowns; Improved mill throughput from running the mill at the optimal charge volume; Protection of liners; Improved robustness for ore hardness changes; Outotec PSI® particle size analyzers. The Outotec PSI particle size analyzer is a market-leading on-line sizing system for mineral slurries

view more### CONGA: THE WORLD'S FIRST 42 FOOT DIAMETER 28 MW

years, test and study works were performed to determine the optimal mill circuit configuration and mill sizes. The results of these studies showed that a single line 40 ft SAG mill circuit gave the best project economics. Further work was followed up to optimize the 40 ft SAG mill size with the results showing that a slightly more expensive 42

view more### How can one select ball size in ball milling and

More balls with small size results in fine powder. As a thumb rule powder to be milled should be taken as 25% of total ball weight. If the quantity of charge is very less then milling balls will

view more### AMIT 135: Lesson 7 Ball Mills & Circuits – Mining

Ball Size as Initial Charge. Commercial ball sizes 10 – 150 mm; Number, size and mass of each ball size depends on mill load and whether or not the media is being added as the initial charge. For the initial chargin of a mill, Coghill and DeVaney (1937) defined the ball size as a function of the top size of the feed, i.e., dâ†"V = 0.40

view more### SAG/AG SCU - Millwatch

CHARGE LEVEL. Maintaining an optimum charge in a SAG mill remains one of the fundamentals for efficient mill processing. If the charge level or the ball to charge ratio is incorrect, breaking liners and/or increasing power consumption is inevitable and can only result in degraded mill efficiency.

view more### Choosing a SAG Mill to Achieve Design Performance

Key Words: SAG mill, design, optimum conditions, grinding, pilot testing 1. ABSTRACT A great deal of effort has been expended in the last 11 years by the authors and others to identify the correct power required to grind ore in a SAG mill, by developing ore hardness variability functions for the ore body to be mined. This paper describes the next step in the SAG design process, which is

view more### SAG mills (semi-autogenous grinding mills) -

SAG milling extends itself to many applications due to the range of mill sizes available. They can accomplish the same size reduction work as two or three stages of crushing and screening, a rod mill and some or all of the work done by a ball mill. SAG mills are also an optimum solution for wet grinding since crushing and screening in these

view more### SAG Mill Ball Sizing - Grinding & Classification

To participate in the 911Metallurgist Forums, be sure to JOIN & LOGIN Use Add New Topic to ask a New Question/Discussion about Grinding. OR Select a Topic that Interests you. Use Add Reply = to Reply/Participate in a Topic/Discussion (most frequent). Using Add Reply allows you to Attach Images or PDF files and provide a more complete input. Use Add Comment = to comment on someone else's

view more### Optimizing Performance of SABC Comminution Circuit of the

circuit included an increase in the SAG mill ball charge from 8% to 10% v/v; an increase in the mill ball charge from 23% v/v to 27% v/v; an increase in the maximum operating power draw in the ball mill to 5800 kW; the replacement of the HP Series pebble crusher with a TC84 crusher; and the addition of a pebble bin. Following these improvements, an increase in circuit throughput, a reduction

view more### AN OVERVIEW OF THE DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION,

SAG Mill Feed Size, F100 300 mm Feed Size, F80 125 mm Ore SG 2.9 Required Mill Discharge Size, P80 Not defined Ball Charge 10 to 18% Total Charge 26% Design Bond Ball Mill WI (closing 106 microns) Refer Table 2 Design Bond Rod Mill WI (closing 1180 micron) Refer Table 2 Circuit Fresh Feed Rate - Nominal 1,500 tph Circuit Fresh Feed Rate - Maximum 1,750 tph Availability 91.3% Ball Mill

view more### Optimum choice of the make-up ball sizes for

01.09.2013· It was found that the optimum composition depends on various factors, including the feed size, the product size, the mill diameter and the breakage parameters. In all cases, binary mixtures of two ball sizes (50.8 mm and 25.4 mm) performed better than a mixture of the three ball sizes.

view more### Optimization of mill performance by using

mill discharge product size in relation to the lifting effect of the liners. In this specific case, it is obvious that a certain load expansion is needed to allow the coarse particles entering the media charge to be reduced. Therefore, at this stage, a direct measurement of the dynamics in the mill gives very valuable information to the operator.

view more### ONLINE SAG MILL PULSE MEASUREMENT AND

Depending on the mill size the SAG mills draws between 2 MW and 17 MW. The product from the SAG mill is further reduced in size using pebble crushers and ball mills. Hence, typical gold or copper ore requires between 2.0 and 7.5 kWh per ton of energy to reduce the particle size. Considering a typical mining operation processes 10,000 to 100,000 tons per day the energy expenditure in grinding

view more### Mill (grinding) - Wikipedia

A SAG mill is usually a primary or first stage grinder. SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%. The largest SAG mill is 42' (12.8m) in diameter, powered by a 28 MW (38,000 HP) motor. A SAG mill with a 44' (13.4m) diameter and a power of 35 MW (47,000 HP) has been designed.

view more### THE OPTIMAL BALL DIAMETER IN A MILL

grain size, it is necessary to have a definite number of the biggest balls in the charge, and with the decreased grain size, the necessary ball size also decreases (Olejnik, 2010; 2011). For each grain size there is an optimal ball size (Trumic et. al., 2007). The bigger ball in relation to the optimal one will have an excess energy, and

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